Hindu – Hellven http://hellven.org/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 02:21:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://hellven.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/cropped-icon-2-32x32.png Hindu – Hellven http://hellven.org/ 32 32 Hindu leader Sena moves Supreme Court to Gurugram namaz line: the Tribune India https://hellven.org/hindu-leader-sena-moves-supreme-court-to-gurugram-namaz-line-the-tribune-india/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 01:18:00 +0000 https://hellven.org/hindu-leader-sena-moves-supreme-court-to-gurugram-namaz-line-the-tribune-india/ Tribune press service New Delhi, January 8 A Sena Hindu leader has asked the Supreme Court (SC) to be heard in the contempt petition against Haryana government officials for their alleged failure to act against local Hindu groups who allegedly tried to prevent Muslims offer namaz on Fridays in open areas in Gurugram. In his […]]]>

Tribune press service

New Delhi, January 8

A Sena Hindu leader has asked the Supreme Court (SC) to be heard in the contempt petition against Haryana government officials for their alleged failure to act against local Hindu groups who allegedly tried to prevent Muslims offer namaz on Fridays in open areas in Gurugram.

In his plea, Hindu Sena Vice President Surjit Singh Yadav urged the Supreme Court to order the applicants to refrain from offering namaz on public property in Gurugram.

Self-limiting required

Indian society is a multi-religious society and therefore the members of each community should follow the principle of restraint to maintain law and order. —Surjit Singh Yadav, Hindu vice-president of the sena

Last month, former Rajya Sabha MP and Gurugram resident Mohammad Adeeb moved the highest court, demanding the opening of contempt proceedings against top Haryana government officials.

Faced with objections from Hindu groups, the chief minister of Haryana, Manohar Lal Khattar, declared on December 10 that the practice of offering namaz in the open “will not be tolerated”. He said the district administration’s prior decision to reserve places for Friday namaz to be held in open spaces had been withdrawn. The CM had however declared that the state government would now find an amicable solution to the problem.

Alleging the inaction of senior Haryana officials in addressing communal and violent tendencies, petitioner Adeeb has called for contempt action against the Chief Secretary of Haryana and the Director General of Police of Haryana State for failing to comply with instructions from the highest court in Tehseen S Poonawalla (2018) to control and prevent the growing number of hate crimes, including collective violence and lynching.

Yadav alleged that by moving the Supreme Court, Adeeb tried to cover up his “community misdeeds” and tried to “blame the Hindus and their peaceful character”.


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Fourth ash test | Jonny Bairstow Century Highlights ‘Pink’ Day Three https://hellven.org/fourth-ash-test-jonny-bairstow-century-highlights-pink-day-three/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 08:24:36 +0000 https://hellven.org/fourth-ash-test-jonny-bairstow-century-highlights-pink-day-three/ At the stumps, Bairstow was not out 103 and Jack Leach was on four, England trailing Australia by 158 points. A courageous century for Jonny Bairstow and half a century for Ben Stokes have helped England return to 258-7 after a terrible start to Day 3 of Ashes Test Four on Friday at Sydney Cricket […]]]>

At the stumps, Bairstow was not out 103 and Jack Leach was on four, England trailing Australia by 158 points.

A courageous century for Jonny Bairstow and half a century for Ben Stokes have helped England return to 258-7 after a terrible start to Day 3 of Ashes Test Four on Friday at Sydney Cricket Ground.

Bairstow marked the first century for tourists in their seventh inning of this series to headline a day when England collapsed to 36-4 at lunch before their middle order counterattacked to help the England to return to the game on another rainy day at SCG.

In clear pain after being hit in the thumb by a delivery from Pat Cummins and with partners running, Bairstow started attacking almost every ball and raised a deserved century from 138 balls with 12 limits and three minutes. before the stumps by slashing a delivery of Cummins for four.

Bairstow celebrated his seventh century test by running halfway to the England team’s dressing room with arms in the air, where his team-mates had gathered to recognize a vital round against the backdrop of the match that seemed previously move away.

At the stumps, Bairstow was not out 103 and Jack Leach was on four, England trailing Australia by 158 points.

Previously, Ben Stokes had made 66 of 91 épée balls, including nine fours and a massive six on cover, in a 128-point partnership with Bairstow that stabilized England’s innings after their early collapse.

Nathan Lyon ultimately ended the 128-point partnership by trapping Stokes lbw with a ball that stayed lower than expected.

He may have been fortunate enough to get this far before the tea survived a strong missed opportunity from Pat Cummins, then successfully revisiting an exit decision to the field where the ball had actually missed the pad and pops the stump. but not dislodged the deposit.

Shortly after lifting his half century on 80 balls, Bairstow was struck by a Cummins ball that rose out of the field and hit the batsman on the go. Bairstow received ground treatment for several minutes before resuming his sleeves, but was visibly uncomfortable holding the bat.

Jos Buttler became the second duck in the round to crush Khawaja for Cummins cover (2-68) to reduce England to 173-6 and in danger of not avoiding the 218 follow-up goal.

But Bairstow and Mark Wood combined for an unbroken 72-run partnership to dampen visitors’ nerves before Cummins finally got Wood to Lyon for 39 balls of 41 for one big too many.

Ahead of lunch, England’s batting weaknesses were again exposed by attacking to pace Australia after their resumption at 13 unbeaten in a session delayed by rain.

Haseeb Hameed was dropped out of two by wicket keeper Alex Carey in Mitchell Starc’s second round, but the reprieve only cost four points as Starc (1-49) pitched the opener for six in his next round.

Zak Crawley, who survived a non-ball from Starc at the end of Matchday 2, received a quick hit to the hand through the left arm before Boland found a way through his defenses and reached the top of the stump when the 18.

Scott Boland (2-25) then had Root caught sliding for a duck on his next pass, with the English skipper again playing away from his body and closing in on Steve Smith on the second slide.

Dawid Malan (3) was sacked before lunch, caught by Usman Khawaja out of Green’s bowling alley leaving England in tatters at the break.

Boland was taken in for a precautionary scan as he tumbled into his follow-up with the last bullet before tea. Australian team management later said the 32-year-old, who made a sensational debut in Melbourne to help Australia retain the Ashes, was “cleared of any damage” and then returned to the game. .

Bad weather early Friday did not dampen the McGrath Foundation’s ‘Pink Test’ fundraising efforts, chaired by former test pacemaker Glenn McGrath, who for the past 14 years has been a hallmark of the third day of the Sydney test.

Most of the 28,415 spectators wore pink clothes and one of the stands at Sydney Cricket Ground was covered with pink banners to celebrate the association’s work.


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Young detainee for pretending to be a Hindu and kidnapping a minor https://hellven.org/young-detainee-for-pretending-to-be-a-hindu-and-kidnapping-a-minor/ Wed, 05 Jan 2022 06:26:47 +0000 https://hellven.org/young-detainee-for-pretending-to-be-a-hindu-and-kidnapping-a-minor/ -> Source link]]>

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Hindu-vs-Hindutva, Priyanka “experience” – the strategy Congress is preparing for 2022 and beyond https://hellven.org/hindu-vs-hindutva-priyanka-experience-the-strategy-congress-is-preparing-for-2022-and-beyond/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 05:35:45 +0000 https://hellven.org/hindu-vs-hindutva-priyanka-experience-the-strategy-congress-is-preparing-for-2022-and-beyond/ New Delhi: As Rahul Gandhi went on a visit abroad at the end of the year, would have in Italy, Congress spent the last week of 2021 developing a plan for 2022. With five legislative elections at the start of the year, and Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh going to the polls towards the end, Congress […]]]>

New Delhi: As Rahul Gandhi went on a visit abroad at the end of the year, would have in Italy, Congress spent the last week of 2021 developing a plan for 2022.

With five legislative elections at the start of the year, and Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh going to the polls towards the end, Congress is looking to deepen its “Hindu versus Hindutvawadi” argument against the BJP – as expressed by Rahul on more than one occasion – while also testing Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, the secretary general of the party in charge of Uttar Pradesh, as her potential “woman’s face”, Senior party leaders told ThePrint.

The party’s other agenda is to bring order to its state units, the leaders said.

Ideas were discussed in meetings the general secretaries in charge of the various departments of the party held with their teams, added top congressional leaders.

However, while most party members seem to agree with the idea of ​​distinguishing between “Hindu and Hindutva”, not all are convinced.

Of the states going to the polls this year – Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Goa, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh – Congress is only stationed in one, Punjab.

In recent months, Congress has faced significant challenges in the state, with rifts between Punjab party leader Navjot Singh Sidhu and former CM captain Amarinder Singh, resulting in the the resignation of the latter. Amariner is now in competition the election of the assembly in alliance with the BJP.

Also in Uttarakhand, former CM Harish Rawat raised concerns on attempts to “tie my hands and feet” before the elections, before the party delivered full charge from the countryside to him.

In Goa, Congress became the largest party in the 2017 legislative elections, winning 17 seats out of 40 House members, but the BJP eventually formed the government in coalition with two other parties. A series of defections has since left Congress with 2 deputies in the state.

A similar turn of events in 2017 led to a BJP-led government in Manipur.


Also read: Less Rahul and other central leaders, Congress will make Harish Rawat the star of the Uttarakhand campaign


Priyanka Gandhi, the “woman’s face” of Congress?

Ahead of the Uttar Pradesh elections, scheduled for February-March 2022, Congress launched the ‘Ladki Hoon, Ladd Sakti Hooncampaign in the state, with Priyanka as the face.

This will be the first state election the party will fight with her for the lead. However, while the campaign has been launched for the UP polls, party insiders say electoral gains are not its only goal.

“It is an experiment that we are attempting,” a Congressional official said on condition of anonymity.

“There is no specific subgroup of women that we are trying to target in Uttar Pradesh. But it is an attempt to see how Priyanka is accepted as a female leader and whether she is able to hold the female electorate like other female leaders the country has seen, be it Indira Gandhi and Jayalalithaa or Mamata Banerjee. and Mayawati, ”the official added.

“The goal is to assess how women respond to it, and then see if it can be deployed to influence women in other states where Congress is organizationally strong.”

Congress spokesman Gourav Vallabh said Priyanka’s presence on the ground and her “ability to respond head-on to conflict when confronted with the BJP state apparatus is what the party is about. stake ”.

“If you see Priyanka Gandhi’s visit to Hathras or Agra, where she was hunted down and even detained by the BJP government, you can see that she was the first person to oppose the state apparatus. He told ThePrint. “In fact, there were male party leaders with her, but she was protecting them from the police. lathis. It was not the other way around. “

Several Congress leaders ThePrint said on condition of anonymity that Priyanka is a new face and a lot more “likable” than her brother. Many senior leaders, they added, are therefore pushing for a more important organizational role.

“While the campaign may not show election results in Uttar Pradesh, it may give us clue that similar campaigns with Priyanka as the face may work in states like, say, Karnataka, where the recent surveys of local organizations show that the Congress has retained its significant share of the vote ”, said a congressman.


Also read: “Not good to move ruling parties” – why Congress wants to end the “defection virus” in Goa


“Hindu against Hindutvawadi”

The Hindu campaign against Hindutvawadi is a long-term argument that Congress plans to use to counter what it calls the BJP’s version of an “ideal Hindu”.

In the past month, at Congressional gatherings in Jaipur and Dehradun, Rahul Gandhi invoked this pitch.

“In the politics of the country today, there is a competition between two words. One word is “Hindu”, the second word is “Hindutvawadi”. They are not the same. They are two separate words. And their meanings are also different ”, said Gandhi in Jaipur. “I am a Hindu but I am not a Hindutvawadi,” he added.

The party is also planning a targeted social media strategy for 2022 around the same narrative.

“The BJP works on hate and narrative politics. Rahul I am clearly defined the ideological difference between what the BJP thinks to be Hinduism and what Congress thinks to be Hinduism, ”said Rohan Gupta, congressional social media manager. “We’re going to push this further through trends, live shows, videos, etc. throughout 2022. It’s ideological warfare.”

But there is a certain level of uncertainty about this approach among some party leaders.

The previously quoted congressman said that while the account was in line with what many party leaders ideologically felt, there was “no method for insanity.”

“Honestly, I don’t think we will be able to pull off Hindu votes on the other side (BJP) with this narrative. At most, it will convince some fence guards, ”added the deputy. “But Hindus who do not vote for the BJP will not be convinced to vote for Congress with such a narrative because they do not vote as Hindus. Internally, it is not clear who the target group for such a campaign is.

The Hindu-Hindutva debate was something that political strategist Prashant Kishor also questioned in an interview with ThePrint.

“Globally, the BJP has managed to win around 50% of the Hindu-based Hindutva vote in the last many elections,” Kishor said.

“The remaining 50% Hindus do not subscribe to the BJP’s definition of Hindu or Hindutva and do not vote as Hindus. I prefer to focus on this section rather than discussing Hindu and Hindutvawadi.

However, Sanjay Kumar, co-director of the Center for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) -Lokniti, said that a “soft Hindu” stance could be the need of the moment, not just for Congress, but for any political party that wishes. face the BJP.

“One factor that has played against Congress since 2014 is that it was seen as a party that appeases Muslims or minorities. On the other hand, wherever the Congress was faced with a regional challenge, it lost the Muslim vote in favor of the regional party, ”he added.

“Therefore, Congress must also focus on Hindu votes. The biggest change in Indian politics over the past decade has been that today no political party can be seen as ignoring the majority community. The message must get across that the party is not anti-Hindu.

“Unity of the opposition and bringing order to state units”

Congress is also concerned about the quarrels it appears to have with other members of the national opposition, particularly the Trinamool Congress (TMC) – mainly in light of several defections and expansion plans of the Bengal-based party – and the Aam Aadmi (AAP) party, a rival in Delhi as well as in the Punjab (the AAP was the second party in 2017), as well as in the upcoming elections in Goa.

“Some leaders have said the party should consider handing over the presidency of the UPA (congressional-led coalition) to another party. It is a serious consideration that has been launched. However, a decision has not yet been made, ”said a senior congressional official who is also an MP.

“The performance of Congress in the next five state elections will likely help the decision-making process. ”

Meanwhile, the party is also trying to combat the threat of other regional parties by trying to strengthen its organization into state units.

The churn rate of the Punjab and Uttarakhand congressional units is believed to have been the cause of this.

Part of the party believes that the results of local Karnataka polls have proven that having a strong regional leader leading state units and making all decisions is the best way forward for the party.

“We need leaders like (Karnataka Congress Leader) DK Shivakumar in all of our state units. In places where Congress has fallen to third or fourth place, you have to come back to second place or at least form an alliance with the party in second place ”, said the first congressman quoted above. “However, the high command is struggling to negotiate the ambitions of regional leaders.”

(Edited by Sunanda Ranjan)


Also read: Crushing victory for Congress in polls of local Karnataka bodies, including in CM Bommai’s hometown



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The company begins work on monitoring critical cabins https://hellven.org/the-company-begins-work-on-monitoring-critical-cabins/ Sat, 01 Jan 2022 13:38:53 +0000 https://hellven.org/the-company-begins-work-on-monitoring-critical-cabins/ 61 lakhs of voters to elect 200 councilors; civic polls to be announced after January 7 The Greater Chennai Corporation has started preparations to monitor vulnerable and critical polling stations, as local body elections are expected to be announced any time after January 7. More than 61 lakh of voters in 200 neighborhoods of Chennai’s […]]]>

61 lakhs of voters to elect 200 councilors; civic polls to be announced after January 7

The Greater Chennai Corporation has started preparations to monitor vulnerable and critical polling stations, as local body elections are expected to be announced any time after January 7. More than 61 lakh of voters in 200 neighborhoods of Chennai’s 426 km2 are expected to elect 200 councilors, including the mayor and deputy mayor in a few months.

Following Madras High Court orders, the Company began to arrange for the webcasting of voting booths classified as vulnerable and critical. Arrangements have been made for video recording of proceedings in all polling stations.

According to data from the assembly elections held in 2021 in Chennai, 648 voting booths are considered vulnerable and critical. This number is expected to increase to 850 after the inclusion of additional neighborhoods as part of the added zones. The exact figure will be known after the civic body holds another meeting with police officials in the coming days.

Vulnerable polling stations are identified on the basis of reports on the presence of antisocial elements in the neighborhood and the occurrence of untoward incidents in previous elections.

Critical voting booths are identified on the basis of the votes cast, with a generally high voting rate (over 90%) in previous elections or dominance of a single candidate in previous elections.

Micro observers

A few days ago, the civic body held a meeting with senior bank officials to mobilize micro-observers for vulnerable and critical voting booths. At least 100 bank managers should be recruited for the overall supervision of vulnerable and critical voting booths in local elections.

The Company plans to prepare a draft list of 34,870 staff for the elections. At least 28,000 people are expected to occupy the 5,794 stalls in Chennai.

Ward 159 in the Alandur area has the fewest voters, with only 3,116 registered. Kodambakkam Ward 137 has the largest number of voters, with 58,620 residents about to elect their councilor.


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TAC asks BBMP to prepare for the third wave https://hellven.org/tac-asks-bbmp-to-prepare-for-the-third-wave/ Thu, 30 Dec 2021 21:05:03 +0000 https://hellven.org/tac-asks-bbmp-to-prepare-for-the-third-wave/ Concerned about a steady rise in the number of coronavirus cases in Bangalore over the past 10 days, the state’s COVID-19 Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) has recommended a comprehensive action plan for Bangalore. The TAC, which held its 144th meeting on Wednesday after 400 cases were reported in Bengaluru, noted the situation is concerning as […]]]>

Concerned about a steady rise in the number of coronavirus cases in Bangalore over the past 10 days, the state’s COVID-19 Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) has recommended a comprehensive action plan for Bangalore.

The TAC, which held its 144th meeting on Wednesday after 400 cases were reported in Bengaluru, noted the situation is concerning as there is a surge of cases in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Bengaluru. “Based on the previous experience of the two waves in Karnataka, the surge case in Bengaluru / Karnataka was preceded by the surge in Mumbai / Maharashtra,” the TAC report pointed out.

TAC sources said The hindu that the BBMP has been urged to prepare for an impending third wave which is expected by January-February. “We expect Omicron to take control of Delta and dominate Wave 3. Against this background, we recommended that the BBMP keep hospitals ready (in terms of facilities, supplies and manpower). work formed) and to set up / reactivate COVID care centers (CCCs). This is mainly because Omicron infections are known to be milder and a majority of infected people may not have need hospital beds, ”said a TAC member.

According to the TAC report, well-equipped CCCs, when they are ready on time, will decongest hospitals. “This will avoid a situation similar to a second wave when there has been an influx of mildly and moderately infected patients into hospitals, thereby depriving critical patients of hospital beds,” sources said.

“Some may prefer CACs and many may need to be transferred to CACs due to lack of home facilities. As Omicron is highly contagious, home isolation should be the last option and can only be allowed for those with facilities and “caregivers” as assessed by the triage team. All patients in isolation at home should be strictly remotely monitored, ”said sources citing the TAC report.

“We recommended that walk-in visits not be allowed in hospitals and that all patients be mandatorily screened by the BBMP. International travelers, who test positive at the airport, should be transferred to the designated Omicron facility at Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital and identify the private hospitals of their choice, ”sources said.

BBMP (Health) special commissioner KV Trilok Chandra said the BBMP plans to set up a CCC in each assembly constituency. “We have already put in place a physical triage and teletriage system and have stepped up surveillance measures. We also have mobile triage teams in each department, ”he said.

CN Manjunath, nodal lab and testing manager on the state’s COVID-19 task force, said the increase in the number is a clear indication that the third wave is starting in the state. “Tracing aggressive contacts, maintaining current test levels of one lakh and above, and strictly enforcing COVID prevention measures and protocols at all boarding schools, hostels, apartments, shopping malls and other overcrowded places should be carried out, ”he said.


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The James Webb Space Telescope https://hellven.org/the-james-webb-space-telescope/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 05:16:53 +0000 https://hellven.org/the-james-webb-space-telescope/ What will the next-generation Webb telescope reveal? How is it different from Hubble? What will he allow us to see at the ends of the universe? The story so far: The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), launched into space by the Ariane 5 rocket from the European Space Agency’s spaceport in French Guiana, South America, […]]]>

What will the next-generation Webb telescope reveal? How is it different from Hubble? What will he allow us to see at the ends of the universe?

The story so far: The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), launched into space by the Ariane 5 rocket from the European Space Agency’s spaceport in French Guiana, South America, on December 25 at 7:20 a.m. EST (5:50 p.m. HIST), is on his way to his destination. After a 29-day journey, the spacecraft will arrive at a point in space called “Lagrange point 2”, also known as L2. At a cost of 9.7 billion dollars, this joint project of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the ESA (European Space Agency) and the Canadian Space Agency is presented as the next-generation telescope . It is planned to unveil distant invisible parts of the universe and help unravel the mysteries of the cosmos.

THE ESSENTIAL

  • The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), projected into space by the Ariane 5 rocket, will now be able to observe the far reaches of the universe without any atmospheric turbulence.
  • After a 29-day journey, the spacecraft with the telescope will arrive at a point in space called “Lagrange point 2”, also known as L2. At this point, the gravitational forces of the Earth-Sun system and the orbital motion of the spacecraft would balance out. Therefore, the spacecraft positioned at L2 will orbit the Sun, accompanying the Earth in 365 days. It will also give the telescope the temperature required to detect weak signals from distant stellar objects.
  • Since the diameter of JWST is larger than that of Hubble, it will collect more photons than Hubble’s 2.4 meter mirror. JWST will have about seven times more light collecting capacity than Hubble. Therefore, the JWST would observe fainter stellar objects that Hubble cannot detect.

What awaits the telescope in the next part of the journey?

The successful launch is just the start of an arduous journey of almost a month. The telescope was intricately folded like an origami toy before it was launched. Now in space, hundreds of moving parts will need to snap into place precisely as intended for the telescope to deploy. Over the next few weeks, step by step, various components must be deployed before the telescope reaches its final configuration. One misstep can reduce the entire telescope to space debris.

Accelerating to its destination, the JWST has now successfully deployed its solar panel, released its antenna, and completed its mid-term correction burn. Before day 7, the sun visor would be deployed. On day 10, nerves will be on edge as engineers hoist his secondary mirror to its position. The rest of the mirror segments would be deployed, step by step, by day 14. On day 29, JWST should fire its thrusters to enter its predestined orbit around L2. Once at the destination, the 18 segments of the telescope mirror should be perfectly aligned; it will take about 10 days. This will be followed by weeks of testing and calibration. The first telescope image is at least six months away.

Why are telescopes in space?

The thermal turbulence of the Earth’s atmosphere hinders telescopic observation of the universe. Stars twinkle, light from faint stellar objects is absorbed into the thick lower atmosphere, and part of the spectrum, like infrared rays from space, barely reaches the ground. By placing the telescopes on top of a high mountain, we avoid as much atmosphere as possible. Yet atmospheric turbulence hinders ultra-sharp images of objects in space.

Telescopes in space completely avoid atmospheric disturbances and give us a clear, crisp and deeper view of the far reaches of the universe. While the largest terrestrial telescopes have revealed galaxies more than 5 billion light years away, the Hubble Space Telescope has identified the most distant known galaxy 13.4 billion years in the past.

The James Webb Space Telescope

Why is JWST an infrared telescope?

The telescope mounted on the JWST is an infrared telescope. The invisible magic rays that change channels in our TV remote control are infrared. They are like visible light and radio waves, being part of the electromagnetic spectrum, but of different wavelengths. Why take an infrared telescope rather than a telescope capable of seeing the visible spectrum? The answer to this lies in the Big Bang.

After the Big Bang, galaxies, stars and planets evolved. Since the Big Bang, the universe has been constantly expanding. As the universe expands, space expands. As light travels far in space, the wavelength lengthens. The aged light becomes redder. Light from the first massive young stars and nascent galaxies was mostly visible and ultraviolet. However, passing through the vast expanses of expanding space, they transform into infrared rays before reaching Earth. An infrared telescope is able to observe the ancient and early universe, which is the main objective of the JWST.

What is the temperature at L2?

Primarily, the JWST is designed to detect weak signals from distant stellar objects in the infrared region of electromagnetic radiation. The IR telescope must be cooled to -220C or less. About 15 million kilometers from Earth, or four times the distance from the Moon, L2 is a freezing place. At this point in space, the second Lagrange point (L2), the gravitational forces of the Earth-Sun system, and the orbital motion of the spacecraft would balance out. Therefore, the spacecraft positioned at L2 will orbit the Sun, accompanying the Earth in 365 days.

As satellites orbit the Earth, they periodically switch from sunlight to Earth’s shadow and vice versa and are subject to thermal fluctuations. Placed at L2, JWST is permanently behind the Earth. When viewed from space, the Sun and the spacecraft will appear on opposite sides of the Earth.

Even at L2, the side of the telescope facing the sun will be at + 85C. However, on the opposite side, the temperature is -233 ° C. Using the tennis court-sized sunscreen would protect the telescope from the heat and glare of the sun.

Will JWST see better than Hubble?

Suppose we keep two bins in the open, one with a smaller radius and the other with a larger radius. During rain, the larger tub will collect much more rainwater than the smaller one during a given time. Likewise, the 6.5 meter diameter JWST telescope will collect more photons than Hubble’s 2.4 meter mirror. JWST will have about seven times more light collecting capacity than Hubble. Therefore, the JWST would observe fainter stellar objects that Hubble cannot detect. The further a thing is, the weaker it is. The JWST would see objects much further out in the universe with a larger collection area than Hubble. With its sharp eye, JWST can see the details of a twenty-five paise (penny) coin held at a distance of 40 kilometers.

The average time for light to reach Earth from the Moon is approximately 1.282 seconds. This means that the shining moon has 1.282 seconds. Because light takes nearly eight minutes for the Sun to reach Earth, the image of the Sun we see is about eight minutes old. The red giant Betelgeuse (Thiruvathirai Nakshatra) is 548 light years away. Therefore, the light of this star must have started its journey at the roundabout when Azhagan Perumal Jatavarman Parakrama Pandyan crowned himself king in 1473 AD. Take-home message: As we look far away, we look back.

How far can JWST look into the past?

Imagine the time of the Big Bang right now as a one-year calendar. In this cosmic calendar, the Big Bang occurred precisely at midnight on January 1. In this timeline, we are currently December 31st at midnight. JWST would allow us to see the universe as it has been since January 6. It was then that the first stars began to shine. Literally, the JWST would take us on a journey through time to an unimaginable ancient past.

A telescope can detect an object and show what it looks like. The spectroscope, a key instrument mounted on the telescope, can analyze light rays and tell us what is in them. From the spectral image, we can understand the elemental composition, the temperature of the stellar object and much more. Unlike Hubble, JWST carries the spectroscope, which should unravel the elemental makeup of early stars and galaxies.

TV Venkateswaran is Scientist F at Vigyan Prasar, Department of Science and Technology


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Hindu vigilantes disrupt Christmas celebrations in Modi territory https://hellven.org/hindu-vigilantes-disrupt-christmas-celebrations-in-modi-territory/ Mon, 27 Dec 2021 10:12:00 +0000 https://hellven.org/hindu-vigilantes-disrupt-christmas-celebrations-in-modi-territory/ NEW DELHI, December 27 (Reuters) – Die-hard Hindu vigilantes disrupted Christmas mass in parts of India, including in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s central territory ahead of local elections in the coming months , the media reported on Monday. The disruption of Christmas celebrations over the weekend and last week included the vandalism of a life-size […]]]>

NEW DELHI, December 27 (Reuters) – Die-hard Hindu vigilantes disrupted Christmas mass in parts of India, including in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s central territory ahead of local elections in the coming months , the media reported on Monday.

The disruption of Christmas celebrations over the weekend and last week included the vandalism of a life-size statue of Jesus Christ in Ambala in Haryana, a northern state ruled by Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Nationalist Party (BJP) , said the Hindu newspaper.

He also reported that activists burned a model of Santa Claus and chanted slogans against Christmas celebrations and religious conversions on Saturday outside a church in Varanasi, the parliamentary constituency of Modi and the holiest city in Hinduism.

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Anoop Shramik, a social activist from Varanasi, told Reuters he saw around two dozen people burn Santa Claus.

Contacted by phone, the federal and state governments declined to comment.

Christmas celebrations were also disrupted in Silchar in eastern Assam on Saturday after men, claiming to be members of Bajrang Dal – a right-wing group with close ties to the BJP, broke in from force in a church, NDTV, reported a local news channel. .

The leader of the main opposition congressional party and prominent members of Christian minority groups urged Modi to act.

“The prime minister should order the BJP governments of Haryana and Assam to identify disbelievers and bring them to court,” said P. Chidambaram, former Indian finance minister and top congressional leader, in a tweet.

Since Modi came to power in 2014, right-wing Hindu groups have consolidated their position in all states and launched small-scale attacks against religious minorities, claiming their action is to prevent religious conversions.

Several Indian states have adopted or are considering anti-conversion laws that challenge the freedom of belief and related rights that the Indian constitution guarantees to minorities.

Elias Vaz, national vice president of the Catholic Union of India, condemned the latest incidents.

“India’s strength is in its diversity and the people who made it on Christmas are the real anti-nationals,” Vaz said.

Christians and Muslims together make up nearly 16% of India’s 1.37 billion people.

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Reporting by Manoj Kumar and Saurabh Sharma; edited by Barbara Lewis

Our Standards: Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


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Hindu group disrupts Christmas reunion in Pataudi, alleging conversion offer https://hellven.org/hindu-group-disrupts-christmas-reunion-in-pataudi-alleging-conversion-offer/ Sat, 25 Dec 2021 17:54:26 +0000 https://hellven.org/hindu-group-disrupts-christmas-reunion-in-pataudi-alleging-conversion-offer/ Gurugram: A Christmas congregation at a primary school in Pataudi in Haryana’s Gurugram district was disrupted by a Hindu group claiming the gathering was an attempt at religious conversion. A video shared on social media showed people chanting Jai Shri Ram at the Christian meeting as a man tore a woman’s microphone off signing a […]]]>

Gurugram:

A Christmas congregation at a primary school in Pataudi in Haryana’s Gurugram district was disrupted by a Hindu group claiming the gathering was an attempt at religious conversion.

A video shared on social media showed people chanting Jai Shri Ram at the Christian meeting as a man tore a woman’s microphone off signing a devotional song. Police made no arrests, saying no complaints had been filed.

The House of Hope, a social organization, hosted a Christmas in Milan at a private school in Pataudi to celebrate the day through song, dance and Bible teachings, local residents said on condition of anonymity. Children and women had gathered for the event when a group of men broke into the hall and interrupted the program, they said.

“Two days ago, some women contacted the locals and invited them for the Christmas program,” said RP Pandey, chairman of the Dharam Jagriti mission, the Hindu organization. “Through songs and prayers, they promote their religion and pollute children’s minds about sanatan dharma.

The program was an attempt to attract the poor and convert them to Christianity, Pandey said.

The event was organized on a “personal” basis by a resident of the neighborhood, a member of the House of Hope, the organization’s pastor said, asking not to be named. “We were present when this unfortunate incident took place,” he said. “They started shouting slogans and stopped the event.”

“We are not going to file any complaints,” the pastor said, also asking that the name of the school not be revealed.

Police have not received any complaints from any group, said Inspector Shailender Kumar, a police officer at Pataudi Police Station.

The incident follows the regular disruption of Friday prayers by Muslims by Hindu groups in Gurugram.



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Nehru’s “secularism” in the face of Rahul’s Hindu identity, the confused policy of Congress exposed https://hellven.org/nehrus-secularism-in-the-face-of-rahuls-hindu-identity-the-confused-policy-of-congress-exposed/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 16:03:14 +0000 https://hellven.org/nehrus-secularism-in-the-face-of-rahuls-hindu-identity-the-confused-policy-of-congress-exposed/ Reaching out to Muslims had been a sine qua non of the post-independence policy of Congress. Jawaharlal Nehru was a staunch defender of “secularism”; however, he faced accusations within his own party that, as prime minister, he leaned too heavily on the side of Muslims. Nehru must turn in his grave with regret and remorse, […]]]>

Reaching out to Muslims had been a sine qua non of the post-independence policy of Congress. Jawaharlal Nehru was a staunch defender of “secularism”; however, he faced accusations within his own party that, as prime minister, he leaned too heavily on the side of Muslims. Nehru must turn in his grave with regret and remorse, seeing the Congress he nurtured – in fact, against Gandhi’s will to dissolve it – deviating from the supposedly utopian ideals he established in opposition to the supposedly ideas. dystopian of “Hindus” or “Hindutvavadis”. And now, decades later, the Scion notices that India is a land of Hindus and that Hindu rule must be restored, destroying everything that Nehruvian secularism stood for!

Then: In September 1951, Nehru forced Purushottam Das Tandon, supposedly “right-wing”, to resign as president of Congress and his supporters to resign from the Congressional Working Committee. A month later, Nehru said, “If a man lifts his hand against another in the name of religion, I will fight him to the last breath of my life, whether from inside or outside government.” .

In 1955, Nehru faced unwavering opposition from the “Hindu right” against the Hindu Code Bill. JB Kripalani was a vocal opponent of Nehru’s policies on the issue. During a debate on the Hindu Code Bill in Parliament, Kripalani accused Nehru of communalism: “I accuse you of communitarianism because you are proposing a law on monogamy only for the Hindu community. Believe me, the Muslim community is ready for this, but you are not brave enough to do it.

Indira Gandhi has carved out an image for herself as a “protector of Muslims” during her tenure as Prime Minister. The decision of Shah Bano of Rajiv Gandhi to overturn a court judgment on the question of the maintenance of a divorced woman by her husband under pressure from Muslim clerics has reinforced the pro-Muslim image of Congress. During Ram Mandir’s confinement to Ayodhya in the 1980s, his government tried to strike a balance by looking the other way. However, Congress suffered electoral losses as a result of Ram Mandir’s campaign in Ayodhya during the 1980s and 1990s.

In 1999, a resolution of the Congressional Working Committee (CWC) recognized a pro-Muslim bias in the party’s decision-making process. The late VN Gadgil, one of the architects of the CWC’s resolution, was particularly critical of the congressional leadership for giving in to Muslim extremists. He was laconic about the Congress warm-up with Imam Shahi of the Jama Masjid in Delhi. “Whenever Shahi Imam makes a statement, the party reacts as if God himself has spoken. Do minorities only mean Muslims? What about Buddhists, Sikhs and others? ” He asked. Advocating his case, Gadgil said, “Muslims only make up 18 percent of the vote. Even if everyone votes for Congress, the party will not come to power. We cannot continue to ignore the feelings of the remaining 82%. “

On December 9, 2006, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who at the time headed a congressional government, said at a meeting of the National Development Council (NDC): “We will need to devise innovative plans to ensure that minorities, especially the Muslim minority, are empowered to share the fruits of development equitably. They must have the first right to resources.

After the 2014 elections in Lok Sabha and the party’s loss of votes, the AK Antony committee, formed to investigate the reasons for the humiliating defeat of Congress, reportedly raised the party’s pro-Muslim image among voters. After Congress’s rout in the polls and the Antony commission report, there has been a noticeable change within the party.

After 2014, Congress began to emphasize the “Hindutva” paradigm. The move of Congress across the secular divide marks a significant shift from the past, when the party and its main leaders made a concerted effort to reach out to minorities, especially Muslims, who now feel they have lost the veto they once enjoyed. During a visit to the Somnath temple in November 2017 before the elections to the Gujarat Assembly, Rahul Gandhi declared himself “Shiv Bhakt” (devotee of Lord Shiva). The Congress Party held a press conference to declare Rahul Gandhi a “Janeu-dhari Hindu” (a Hindu who wore sacred thread).

In the midst of this Hindu shift, it was oxymoronic for Congress to make the newspaper headlines in Urdu. Inquilab in July 2018. According to the newspaper, Rahul said: “Congress is a Muslim party. According to the report, he said in an indoor meeting: “If the BJP says Congress is a Muslim party, that’s fine. Congress is a Muslim party because Muslims are weak, and Congress is always on the side of the weak. Four months later, in November 2018, as the countdown to the 2019 elections began in Lok Sabha, Rahul Gandhi said: “My gotra is Dattatreya. I am a Kashmiri Brahmin.

Now: “India is a country of Hindus, not of Hindutvavadis,” said Rahul Gandhi during a congressional rally in Jaipur to protest against rising prices. This is not surprising when looking at the history of the dynast – whatever the talk, somehow he would be misled to enter the kingdom of Hindutva, just to stir a nest. hornets (every time) – who spares no effort to denigrate, denigrate and denigrate India, that is, Bharat, its civilization and its people. He, who undoubtedly excels in making derogatory and scandalous remarks with regard to Hindus, surprises us (this time) when he speaks of establishing the “reign of the Hindus” in India, synonymous with what is called “l ‘Hindu Rashtra’, the very idea that he and his ilk are vehemently opposed to satiety.

He adds: “Since 2014, the Hindustvavadis, and not the Hindus, have been in power. We have to oust them and bring about the rule of the Hindus. Apparently, this may be Rahul Gandhi’s first proclamation that India belongs to the Hindus. In response to Narendra Modi’s government decision to repeal the three agricultural laws, Rahul Gandhi said, “When the Hindu farmers stood up, Hindutvavadi said, ‘I’m sorry’. He once again shed light on his Hindu identity: “I am a Hindu, but not Hindutvavadi. ”

It is not the first time that he has tried to make a false equivalence between Hinduism and Hindutva. In fact, he tried to vilify and demonize Hindutva. In November 2021, Rahul Gandhi addressed a rally of congressmen in Maharashtra: “Why do Hindus need Hindutva when they follow Hinduism? Is Hinduism about beating a Sikh or a Muslim? No, but Hindutva is. Does Hinduism consist in killing Akhlaq? I have read the Upanishads and nowhere does it say killing an innocent man. But I can see it in Hindutva… If you are Hindu, then why do you need Hindutva? Why do you need this new name? “

With the BJP apparently having won the Hindu narrative, Rahul Gandhi and Congress are attempting to distinguish between “Hindu”, “Hinduism” and “Hindutva”. Recently, Congress leaders, including Rahul Gandhi’s sister Priyanka Gandhi, publicly displayed their Hindu identity. Priyanka Gandhi visited temples in Uttar Pradesh and offered prayers. She spoke at a public rally in Varanasi and launched slogans saluting the goddess Durga. She began her speech by reciting a hymn. Now Rahul Gandhi has said India is Hindu-owned and this has left party officials puzzled but voters unresponsive.

Yuvraj Pokharna is an educator, columnist and social activist based in Surat. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not represent the position of this publication.

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