Coptic Museum of Egypt presents the history of Coptic Christianity in Egypt
CAIRO – January 2, 2022: The Coptic Museum is one of the oldest and most important Egyptian museums. It houses the largest and most important collection of Coptic artifacts in the world, with around 16,000 pieces.
The museum was inaugurated in 1910 by Morcos Samika Pasha, who is considered one of the most important Christian figures in Egypt. Samika was interested in the preservation of Coptic heritage.
Construction of the museum began in 1908 at the hands of Morcos Samika Pasha (1944-1864), the first director of an Egyptian museum, and with the support of the Coptic Church represented by Pope Kyrollos V, Patriarch No.211. The museum was officially opened on March 14, 1910.
The museum is located in the Misr Al-Qadmia district (the complex of religions), within the walls of the Roman fortress of Babylon, surrounded by a cluster of the oldest and most important churches in Egypt, including the church of the Virgin Mary, the Hanging Church and the Church of Abu Serga. This is in addition to the oldest synagogue (Ben Ezra), which dates back to the 9th century. A few minutes walk from the museum is the Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque.
The museum’s collection of antiques presents Coptic history from its beginnings in Egypt and during its prosperity.
The origins of Coptic Christianity in Egypt can be traced back to St. Mark’s visit to the city of Alexandria in the first century.
The antiques on display in the museum depict the blend of Coptic art with dominant cultures, including Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman cultures, and the evolution of its own identity.
The museum’s large collection contains beautifully illuminated manuscripts, icons, intricately carved woodwork, and elaborate frescoes decorated with religious scenes, which have survived ancient monasteries and churches.