What is Hindu Samrajya Diwas and how is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj related to it?

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On Wednesday, countless people took to social media platforms to pay homage to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and mark Hindu Samrajya Diwas. Although not an officially recognized occasion, this day is marked by many people, including the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). Although the date varies according to the Gregorian calendar, this year June 23 marks the 346th anniversary of the coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

On June 6, 1674, Shivaji was crowned king of swaraj Maratha in a lavish ceremony at Fort Raigad. According to the Hindu calendar, it was the 13e day of the first fortnight of the month of Jyeshtha in 1596. Reports suggest that the ceremonies were attended by nearly 50,000 people. Often referred to as the founder of the Hindu Samrajya in India, it was at this time that Shivaji took the title of Chhatrapati and Haindava Dharmodhhaarak, which means “protector of the Hindu faith”.

With this, many believe, a Hindu kingdom came into being. Interestingly, Shivaji had a second coronation on September 24, 1674, after a tantrik claimed that the original coronation took place under ominous stars.

According to a booklet published by the RSS-backed publishing house Suruchi Prakashan, Hindu Samrajya Dinotsav is “a festival that inspires a revival in society.” And each year it is marked with great fanfare by thousands of people – often with large-scale events, patriotic songs and more. This year the celebrations were taken online.

On Wednesday, the hashtag “Hindu Samrajya Diwas” (written mostly in Hindi) was a major trend on Twitter, with thousands of posts shared.


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